Young students require guidence to select learning goals. Setting goals when listening to a student read or conferencing a piece of writing is where conversations happen naturally about learning. It takes time for young learners to develop these skills. My advice is to keep it simple when introducing goal setting and it is the student who sets the goals!
I used the Reading Hand prompts to initiate discussion (on the back of their reading log). Some students have now made their own Reading Hand prompts.