‘Think Aloud’ – an explicit teaching strategy

Think Aloud is a strategy that scaffolds students’ interactions with print. I’ve been reading about this strategy and have included using this strategy in writing sessions – Interactive, Shared and Modelled. When modelling my journal, I’m making my thinking process very explicit. Articulating the strategies I’m using, resources that are helping me and the constant ‘read back & check’ process. This has definitely increased my students’ use of these strategies. During Student Led Interactive Writing, I roam for part of the session listening to conversations and prompting when necessary. It’s wonderful to see these very young children sharing their thinking strategies aloud with their group.

Think Aloud – its original purpose.

This is a reading strategy which can be used before reading, during reading and after reading. The skills it targets are:

  • making questions before reading and in response to the text
  • making, confirming and revising predictions based on information in the text.

Skilled readers do the following when reading:

  • Use prior knowledge
  • Have a purpose or reason for reading
  • Decode words and meanings
  • Can make connections with the text
  • Can predict
  • Are able to visualise
  • Can ask questions
  • Check their understanding
  • Know how to apply what they learned or know

There are a number of steps to doing this process formally. At present, I am modelling ‘Think Aloud’ when reading to my students. I’m also modelling ‘Think Aloud’ when we’re doing Modelled and Shared writing and children are starting to use ‘Think Aloud’ during Student Led Interactive Writing. Apart from verbalising their understanding and the strategies they are using for all to listen, they are also ‘thinking about their thinking’.

I asked my students if they were learning more and they felt they were. My observations support greater engagement levels when using Think Aloud’. They are definitely active listeners when their peer is thinking aloud.

I’ve also included samples from this week’s Student Led Interactive Writing session. As a grade we brainstormed two sentences related to a shared experience. The sentences were:

  1. We went on a bus to the Briars.
  2. We saw lots of things at the Briars.

We have started THRASS this year and I’m struggling with it as I can’t quite get rid of how I’ve been teaching for many years. My children are referring to the chart and one child spelt ‘things’ by using ‘th’ as in thumb (I think it was thumb) and ‘ing’ as in king and then added an ‘s’. Probably no quite the THRASS way but still very clever. I’m using a number of strategies as I learn THRASS. One of my 5 year olds has learnt the charts, so I have my helper. Unfortunately, we often spend time looking for words that aren’t on the chart, so I’m adding to the charts as we go. Even after two days training I still find myself lost.

Cheers Nina


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3 responses to “‘Think Aloud’ – an explicit teaching strategy

  1. Kristin Smith

    Nina –

    Thanks for the link – I am exploring it over breakfast and, so far, I think it ROCKS ….. mostly what I love is that it gives a name, structure, and additional suggestions to much of what I already do in my classroom!

    I can’t wait to further explore this resource 🙂

    Have a great day!


  2. averil2

    Hi Kristin,
    Thanks for the comment. I really appreciate it when people take time to respond or email.
    Reading is my focus and I’ve been exploring strategies that I don’t have great knowledge about. This is one, and I agree it certainly engages children with text. Being explicit and modelling the behaviours of a good reader and writer is reinforcing the ‘thinking processes’ used when reading and writing. I’ve been asking questions to support this as well. Here is a link to an excellent article about Visible Thinking. I’m really interested in this…


    Cheers Nina

  3. Kristin Smith

    Nina –

    Thanks for addressing this literacy strategy with your post – I, too, have been addressing such strategies with poor readers while working on a project in conjunction with a local university…. as a good reader, I think we take it for granted and do these things without purposely thinking about them.

    I am finding that my eighth graders (roughly 13-15 year olds) have been so excited to read their chosen pieces of literature once they have conscientiously considered the title and what they think might happen …. they can’t wait to come back from lunch to read! (Warms my teacher heart :-)))

    One other thing I have found that readers who struggle don’t do well is to “hear” the story with any inflection. The kids I Am working with love to listen to stories read aloud, almost as much, I imagine, as your primary kids do …. so I read to them everyday.

    I have no empirical data to show that these approaches are improving their reading comprehension, but I do know the following:
    1. The kids are excited to interact with literature
    2. They no longer groan when I mention reading
    3. Their discussions about the literature are much richer and they are making more connections to compare and contrast the stories they are reading or have listened to to themselves, the world around them or something else we have read.

    I hope that this interest continues !!!!

    Cheers to you!

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